The hymen is a membranous layer of tissue which encircles the vaginal orifice from the urethral orifice backwards. While some hymens may well have been stretched or broken by exercise, tampon usage or by injuries such as the straddling of a bike saddle. In most women the hymen is usually torn after sexual intercourse. Even so, in many cultures the hymen is considered a token of virginity and for cultural and religious reasons the presence of the hymen can be an important factor in a new marriage. Now that hymen repair is available and is relatively safe, many women and families are opting for this solution.
Hymen repair is a simple operation which involves excision of the torn edge before stitching them with fine dissolvable sutures. The hymen itself has a secondary layer that is sown up to cover the torn skin. As if grafts together once more, the hymen will appear intact. Or if for any reason this is not possible then a new hymen can be created from the lip of the vagina. The procedure is aimed to ensure that the patient bleeds during post-marriage intercourse. Women also get the procedure done as a gift for their partners on birthdays, anniversaries, etc.